is a seaside resort and artist community located in southern Orange
County, California, United States,
approximately 24 miles (39 km) southeast of the county
seat of Santa Ana. Its population
was 23,727 at the 2000 census. It is known for having some of the
most beautiful beaches in southern California. The city is also
known for its hotels, unique shops, restaurants, world famous art
galleries, and art festivals. Several movies and TV shows have been
community of Laguna Beach is the second oldest city in Southern
Orange County, second
to San Juan
arriving after the American Civil
War found scarce amounts of land available for homesteading,
and one such tract, known then simply as "the public lands" was
the coastal strip from Laguna Canyon to Three Arch Bay. During the
1870s, a small community named Arch Beach had been started at the
mouth of Bluebird Canyon. By the early 1880s most of the land around
its small Post Office and general store had been subdivided. At
about the time that Orange
County separated from Los
Angeles County and became independent in 1889, the community
was caught in an economic downturn.
the economy renewed itself, the decision was made to relocate the
town to the mouth of Laguna Canyon. This was possible because a
dispute with the Irvine ranch over the public right to traverse
Laguna Canyon had been resolved in the courts, allowing an additional
means of access to the coast.
1900 Laguna Beach was occupied by five families of homesteaders
struggling to farm land. They soon found an additional source of
income by renting sections of the beaches to farmers from Tustin,
Santa Ana, Fullerton,
Riverside, and other inland
communities who were eager to escape the summer heat. Thus began
the tourist industry which is still a mainstay of the local economy.
the early 1920s the area was discovered by a group of landscape
painters who laid the foundation of the art community which is still
thriving to this day. Subsequently, various groups have "discovered"
Laguna Beach and added incrementally to the town's diversity. Many
wealthy and progressive people have made Laguna Beach their home
and added to the local culture.
region was originally known to the Spanish as "La Cañada de Las
Lagunas" which means "The Canyon of the Small Lakes", in reference
to two lakes found near the head of Laguna Canyon. However, in confusion
with the word "Lagoon", Laguna Beach was nearly misnamed "Lagoona"
by the State of California. While it
was still an unincorporated community, the Postmaster, Nicholas
Isch, journeyed to Sacramento to rectify the mistake, and the original
Spanish spelling was retained.
Beach was incorporated as a General Law City in 1927 and has experienced
a slow but steady population growth since that time. Laguna Beach
was the point of origin and base of operations for the Brotherhood
of Eternal Love (The Laguna Brotherhood) in the late 1960s and
early 1970s. Timothy Leary lived with
and acted as a spiritual guide to the Brotherhood, until his arrest
for possession of marijuana. Leary was 'busted' by Laguna Beach
police officer Neil Purcell on December 26, 1968 on Woodland Drive,
just south of the intersection with the Roosevelt Drive footpath.
to the United States Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.2 km2
(9.7 sq mi). 22.9 km2 (8.8 sq mi)
of it is land and 2.3 km2 (0.89 sq mi)
of it is water. The total area is 9.24% water.
is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on
the southwest, Crystal Cove
State Park on the northwest, Laguna
Woods on the northeast, Aliso
Viejo and Laguna Niguel
on the east, and Dana Point
on the southeast.
land in and around Laguna Beach rises quickly from the shoreline
into the hills and canyons of the San
Joaquin Hills. The town's highest point, at an elevation of
1,007 feet (307 m), is Temple Hill in the Top of the World
neighborhood. Because of its hilly topography and surrounding parklands,
there are few roads into or out of town; only the Coast
Highway connecting to Newport
Beach to the northwest and to Dana
Point to the south, and State
Route 133 crossing the hills in a northeastern direction through
Laguna Canyon. Parts of Laguna Beach
border the Aliso/Wood
Canyons Regional Park.
1979, Laguna Beach was described as "a paradise, an inexhaustible
source of inspiration" by artist Marco
Sassone, one of the many artists who made the "idyllic" town
home since the 1920s.
at Main Beach in Laguna Beach.
of the census of 2000, there were 23,727
people, 11,511 households, and 5,778 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,035.1 /km2
(3,000 /sq mi). There were 12,965 housing units at an
average density of 565.6 /km2 (1,000 /sq mi).
The racial makeup of the city was 91.99% White,
American, 0.36% Native
American, 2.08% Asian,
Islander, 2.21% from other
races, and 2.47% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 6.62% of the population.
were 11,511 households out of which 18.5% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married
couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with
no husband present, and 49.8% were non-families. 36.7% of all households
were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who
was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05
and the average family size was 2.69.
the city the population was spread out with 15.8% under the age
of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 33.9% from 45 to
64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age
was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 103.7 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males.
to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city
was $90,017, and the median income for a family was $146,562. Males
had a median income of $66,221 versus $46,138 for females. The per
capita income for the city was $58,732. About 2.8% of families
and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty
line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those
age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
summer the Pageant of the Masters
is held. This event shows recreations of artwork with people posing
in a set that looks like the original art. Also held during the
summer are festivals such as the Sawdust Art Festival, Festival
of Arts, and Art-A-Fair. The Sawdust Art Festival began in 1965.
and other points of interest
Laguna Art Museum is located in
Laguna Beach and focuses on the art of California.
the early history of Laguna Beach, many artists and counterculture
activists moved from nearby Los Angeles
and settled in the charming cottages along the Laguna hillsides.
Today few artists remain, as the town is one of the wealthiest places
in North America. Most artists in the community now live in Laguna
the 18,806 registered voters in 2009, 7,246 (38.5%) were Democrats
and 6,768 (36%) were Republicans. In the 2008
presidential election, Democratic
candidate Barack Obama received 62%
of the city’s vote, while Republican
candidate John McCain received 35% of the vote. Laguna Beach was
one of only four cities in Orange County to vote against Proposition
8, which amended the California
Constitution to prohibit same-sex
Boyd serves as Laguna Beach's mayor and Elizabeth Schneider as Mayor
Pro Tem. The other three city council
members are Toni Iseman, Jane Egly, and Verna Rollinger. The mayor's
position is non-elected and rotated among the members of the city
looking south from Aliso Beach Park in Laguna Beach.
Beach has long embraced the environmentalist
movement. In February 2007, its city council unanimously voted to
join the U.S. Mayors Climate Initiative.
State and federal
the state legislature
Laguna Beach is located in the 35th Senate
District, represented by Republican
Tom Harman, and in the 70th Assembly
District, represented by Republican Chuck
DeVore. Federally, Laguna Beach is located in California's
48th congressional district, which has a Cook
PVI of R +8 and is represented by Republican John
2004, MTV created a reality television
show titled Laguna
Beach: The Real Orange County, which aired on MTV for three
seasons. The show follows the lives of several young Laguna Beach
residents as they finish high school and begin the next chapter
of their lives. It had a very successful first two seasons and became
the second highest rated MTV show. Its success elevated the central
figures on the show, Stephen Colletti,
Kristin Cavallari, Lo
Bosworth, and Lauren Conrard
to celebrity status. The show later became a spin-off now known
as The Hills.
protection in Laguna Beach is provided by the Laguna
Beach Fire Department with ambulance service by Doctor's
Ambulance. Law enforcement is provided by the Laguna Beach Police
Department. Marine safety services are provided jointly by Laguna
Beach City Lifeguards in north Laguna Beach and by U.S. Ocean Safety
Lifeguards in south Laguna Beach.
Beach is twinned with:
Beach, CA, 92607, 92637, 92651, 92652, 92653,
92654, 92656, 92677, 92698