is a city in Orange County,
California. As of 2005, the city population
was 65,900. Located six miles (10 km) south of San
Juan Capistrano at the southern tip of the county, it is known
for it's ocean views, climate and Spanish Colonial style architecture.
pier in San Clemente, at the end of Avenida Del Mar, part
of the original village created by Ole
to the arrival of the Spanish, the area was
inhabited by what came to be known as the Juaneño
Indians. Long admired by explorers and passing settlers, it remained
virtually uninhabited until 1776, when Mission
San Juan Capistrano was established by Father Junipero
Serra and led both Indian and Spanish settlers to set up villages
nearby. After the founding of Mission San Juan Capistrano, the local
natives were conscripted to work for the mission.
rights to the land exchanged hands several times, but few ventured
to build on it until 1925, when former Mayor of Seattle, Ole
Hanson purchased and designed a 2,000-acre (8.1 km2)
community. Hanson believed that the area's pleasant climate, beautiful
beaches and fertile soil would serve as a haven to Californians
who were tired of "the big city". He named the city after San
Clemente Island, which in turn was named by the explorer Vizcaino
in 1602 after Saint Clement, whose
feast day occurs on
November 23, the day of Vizcaino's arrival on the island.
envisioned it as a Spanish-style coastal resort town, a "Spanish
Village by the Sea." In an unprecedented move, he had a clause added
to the deeds requiring all building plans to be submitted to an
architectural review board in an effort to ensure that future development
would retain some Spanish-style influence (for example, for many
years it was required that all new buildings in the downtown area
have red tile roofs).
succeeded in promoting the new area and selling property to interested
buyers. The city was to consist of buildings built in the classic
Spanish style with red tile roofs. He built public structures such
as the Beach Club, the Community Center, the pier and Max Berg Plaza
Park, which were later donated to the city. The area was officially
incorporated as a City on February 27, 1928 with a council-manager
to the way he would develop the city, Hanson proclaimed, "I have
a clean canvas and I am determined to paint a clean picture. Think
of it - a canvas five miles long and one and one-half miles wide!"
Historic Landmark in San Clemente: Soon after San Clemente ( The
Spanish Village by the Sea) was incorporated, the need for a "Fire
House" was realized. The headlines in San Clemente’s first newspaper,
"El Heraldo de San Clemente" June, 1928 read: "Building to house
local fire department will be constructed by popular subscription
and turned over to the city when completed!" Individual subscriptions
were received in the amounts from $6.00 to $1500.00 from the local
1969, an event occurred which accelerated the growth and reputation
of San Clemente. In that year President Richard
Nixon purchased a Spanish mansion in the southern part of town
that Hamilton Cotton had built in 1927. This "Western White House"
became the site of numerous historical meetings. The Old
City Plaza also at one time had a small Nixon museum inside
when the city occupied the premises. The Old City Plaza premises
included the old san clemente fire station and Police Station as
"Western White House"
1968 President Richard Nixon bought
the H. H. Cotton estate, one of the original homes built by one
of Hanson's partners. Nixon called it "La
Casa Pacifica," but it was nicknamed the "Western
White House", a term now commonly used for a President's vacation
home. It sits above one of the West Coast's premier surfing spots,
Trestles, and just north of historic surfing
beach San Onofre. During Nixon's tenure
it was visited by many world leaders, including Soviet
Premier Leonid Brezhnev, Mexican
President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz,
Prime Minister of Japan
Eisaku Sato, and
Henry Kissinger, as well as businessman
Bebe Rebozo. Following his resignation,
Nixon retired to San
Clemente to write his memoirs. He sold the home in 1980 and
moved to New York City and then later
to Park Ridge, New Jersey.
The property also has historical ties to the Democratic side of
the aisle; prior to Nixon's tenure at the estate, H.H. Cotton was
known to host Franklin D. Roosevelt,
who would visit to play cards in a small outbuilding overlooking
the Pacific Ocean.
Clemente is located at (33.437828, -117.620397).
to the United States Census
Bureau, the city has a total area of 47.6 km² (18.4 mi²).
45.6 km² (17.6 mi²) of it is land and 1.9 km² (0.7 mi²)
of it (4.03%) is water.
5 runs through San Clemente. The Foothill
Transportation Corridor has proposed to connect Mission Viejo
to the Orange/San Diego county line and proposes to run along the
east side of San Clemente and through San
Onofre State Beach on its way to I-5. The California Coastal
Commission recently soundly rejected this proposal by an 8-2 vote.
Reasons cited for rejection included, the road's alignment through
a state park, endangered species habitat, native American archaeological
site and the runoff from the road damaging the state park and surf
break. The Federal Government recently rejected the proposal
to place the toll road in accordance with the TCA proposal. This
decision was viewed as a major defeat for the TCA and great victory
Surfrider Foundation, which is based in San Clemente, and assorted
the south end of town is located Camp
Pendleton and Trestles surf beach,
Additionally, the city is served by numerous daily trains operated
by Amtrak and Metrolink
between Los Angeles and San Diego.
Clemente enjoys a mild climate where temperatures tend to average
around the 70's. The warmest month of the year is August with an
average temperature of 79 degrees Fahrenheit. The coldest month
is December with an average temperature of 64 degrees Fahrenheit.
Clemente Civic Center
of the city's 2005 census, there were 65,900 people and 25,514 housing
units in the city.
last Federal census statistics from the 2000 census showed that
the population density was 1,094.2/km²
(2,833.4/mi²). There were 20,653 housing units at an average density
of 452.6/km² (1,171.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.92%
American, 0.61% Native
American, 2.64% Asian,
Islander, 5.11% from other
races, and 2.81% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 15.89% of the population. Of 15.89% Latino, 7.26%
of Hispanic nationality.
were 19,395 households out of which 30.9% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married
couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with
no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 23.4% of all households
were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who
was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56
and the average family size was 3.05.
the city the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age
of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to
64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age
was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.
median income for a household in the city was $63,507, and the median
income for a family was $76,261 (these figures had risen to $82,842
and $103,538 respectively as of a 2007 estimate) . Males had a median
income of $51,551 versus $36,528 for females. The per
capita income for the city was $34,169. About 4.6% of families
and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty
line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those
age 65 or over.
view of the pier in San Clemente, a popular surfing spot in
Clemente catches swells all year long. Going from South to North,
they include Trestles (technically just
south of the city line), North Gate (heavily localized), State Park,
Riviera, Lasuens, The Hole, Beach House, T-Street, The Pier, Linda
Lane, 204, North Beach, and Poche.
Clemente is also the surfing media capital of the world as well
as a premier surfing destination. It is home to Surfing Magazine,
The Surfer's Journal, and Longboard Magazine, with Surfer Magazine
just up the freeway in San Juan Capistrano.
city has a large concentration of surfboard shapers and manufacturers
including Lost Surfboards, Stewart Surfboards and Cole Surfboards.
Additionally, many world renowned surfers were raised in San Clemente
or took up long-term residence in town, including Shane
Beschen, Mike Parsons (originally
from Laguna Beach), and many others.
Clemente High School has won 6 out of 7 most recent NSSA national
surfing titles.One title was won by Capistrano Connections Academy.
the 32,569 registered voters in the city, 18,320 (56.2%) are Republicans,
7,532 (23.1%) are Democrats,
5,132 (15.8%) declined to state political affiliation, and the remaining
1,585 (4.9%) are registered with a minor party.
the state legislature
San Clemente is located in the 38th Senate
District, represented by Republican
Mark Wyland, and in the 73rd Assembly
District, represented by Republican Diane
Harkey. Federally, San Clemente is located in California's
44th congressional district, which has a Cook
PVI of R +6 and is represented by Republican Ken
city is served by Capistrano
Unified School District.
the city, there are six elementary schools, three middle schools,
and one high school. There is also one virtual public K-12 school:
Capistrano Connections Academy with flexible hours for students.
The elementary schools are: Concordia Elementary; Truman Benedict;
Vista Del Mar; Las Palmas; Marblehead Elementary; and Lobo Elementary.
The middle schools are Bernice Ayer, Shorecliffs,
and Vista Del Mar.
Clemente High School has an IB (International
Baccalaureate) Program and a large number of advanced
placement courses. San Clemente High School is well rounded
and versatile going from top national winning dance teams to first
place award winning orchestra, bands, and voice groups; they even
got the chance to perform their skills in places like Hawaii (marching
band), Carnegie hall (madrigals and orchestra), and many others.
Palmas Elementary is well known for its dual
Clemente is the setting of the MTV reality show,
Life of Ryan. It was also the
setting of the 2005 film Brick.
The town was chosen because it was particularly close to the director
Rian Johnson who lived there and went
Clemente High School, which was the school depicted in the film.
Many of the locations in the film are still identical to the real
ones, with the exception of the Pin's house which was flattened
a week after exterior shooting; the interior
was constructed in a local warehouse. The phonebooths that were
used all through the film are mostly props that were placed on location.
natives and residents
Chaney, Jr., actor
Karcher, founder of Carl's Jr.
and CKE Enterprises[citation
Kiraly, Olympic gold medalist in volleyball
Nixon, 37th President
of the United States and Pat Nixon,
former first lady
Parsons, big wave surfer
Sheckler, professional skateboarder
Fletcher, professional skateboarder/ actor
Hardy, musician with Giant Drag
Enquist, Hall of Fame UCLA Softball Coach
McPhillips, professional longboarder
Vernola, Playboy Playmate Miss June 2010